Origin of Milad an-Nabi (‘alayhis salam)

 mawlid.jpg

(For those that say the current traditions Mawlid was invented centuries after the passing away from this world of the Holy Prophet (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam), should look at this piece, especially the dates)   

The beginning of the celebration of the Meelad Shareef in its present form lies with the ruler of Irbil, Sultan Muzaffar whose full name is Abu Said Kukabri Ibn Zain al-Din Ali Ibn Baktagin, who is counted among the great Sultans and generous leaders. He was responsible for many other noble works as well. Among the many monuments set up by him was the Jami Muzaffari, which he had constructed near Mount Tasiyun.

Ibn Kathir (radi Allahu anhu) writes about Sultan Muzaffar as follows: “Sultan Muzaffar used to arrange the celebration of the Meelad Shareef with due honour, glory, dignity and grandeur. In this connection, he used to organise a magnificent festival. He was a pure-hearted, brave and wise Alim and a just ruler. May Allah shower His Mercy on him and grant him an exalted status. Sheikh Abu al-Khattab Ibn Dhiyah also wrote a book for him on the Meelad Shareef entitled ‘al-Tanwir fi Mawlid al-Bashir al-Nadhir’ (Enlightenment on the Birthday of the Bearer of Good News, the Warner). For this book Sultan Muzaffar awarded him a gift of one thousand dinars. Sultan Muzaffar remained the ruler until his death, which occurred in 630 A.H. in the city of ‘Akka when he had the Europeans under siege. In short he was a man of piety and noble disposition”.

Sibt Ibn al-Jauzi (radi Allahu anhu) wrote in “Mir’at al-Zaman” that one participant in the Meelad Shareef organised by Sultan Muzaffar states that on the royal table-spread were laid out five hundred prepared goats, ten thousand chickens, one hundred thousand earthen tumblers and thirty thousand baskets of sweet fruits. He further writes that eminent pious Ulama and illustrious Sufis used to attend the Meelad Shareef ceremony held by the Sultan, who used to honour them with robes of distinction and royal favour. For the Sufis there used to be a Mahfil-e-Sama from Zuhr until Fajr, in which the Sultan himself used to participate and derive ecstasy there-from together with the Sufis. Every year his expenditure on the Meelad Shareef amounted to three hundred thousand dinars. For those coming from outside (the city) he had a special guest house commissioned, where people from all walks of life used to come from different places and without any discrimination of status. The expenditure of that guest house used to be one hundred thousand dinars annually.

Similarly, he used to spend two hundred thousand dinars annually to ransom Muslim prisoners-of-war from the Europeans. Also for the maintenance of the two Harams and for providing water along the routes in Hijaz (for pilgrims), he used to spend three thousand dinars annually. These are in addition to the Sadaqat and charity that used to be given secretly. His wife, Rabi’ah Khatoon Bint Ayyub, the sister of Sultan Nasir Salahuddin narrates that her husband used to wear a garment (Qamis) of coarse cotton costing no more than five dirhams. She says that she once rebuked him for this, upon which he replied that his wearing a five-dirham garment and spending the rest of the money in charity is far better than wearing a costly garment and giving a poor or indigent person mere good wishes.

  The first book on Milad Sharif was written by Ibn Khallikan. He wrote in the biographical sketch of Hafiz Abu al-Khattab Ibn Dihyah: “He was one of the pious Ulema and famous scholars. He travelled from Morocco to Syria and Iraq. In the year 654 A.H. he passed through the area of Irbil, where he saw that its ruler, the eminent Sultan Muzaffar al-Din Ibn Zainal-Din arranged for celebrating the Birthday of the Prophet. So he wrote the book ‘Kitab al-Tanwir fi Mawlid al-Bashir al-Nadhir’ for the Sultan and himself read it out to him. I myself heard the book read out in six sittings at the Sultan’s place in 625 A.H.”   

Reference: http://www.trueislam.info/Books/English_Books/CeleberatingEid-e-Milad-un-Nabi/CeleberationEideMilad1.htm

18 Responses so far »

  1. 1

    amal said,

    I have no doubt that people who celebrate the ‘mawlid’ have nothing but good intentions , i was once told that a khaleef invented the mawlid , so we would have a special day of the year to remember the phrophet swa , why did you say as?

  2. 2

    Haider said,

    Assalamu alaikum,

    People see it as a time to read the Qur’an, and remember the life, teachings, and example of the Prophet Muhammad (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam). Actually, the birth of the Holy Prophet (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) should be remembered/celebrated every day, every minute.

    Didn’t the Holy Prophet (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) also remember his blessed birth by fasting on the day he was born? So if the Prophet (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) himself remembered and honoured his own birth, doesn’t this become a Sunnah? Therefore we should follow it because it’s a tradition of the Holy Prophet (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam).

    Sa`d Ibn Abi Waqqaas said that they were keen on telling their children the stories of the Prophet’s (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) battles just as they were keen on teaching them the Qur’an. Therefore, they used to remind their children of what happened during the Prophet’s (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) lifetime so they did not need to hold such celebrations. However, the following generations began to forget such a glorious history and its significance.

    So such celebrations were held as a means of reviving great events and the values that we can learn from them.

    Try this link: http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/holydays/miladunnabi.shtml

    Actually, celebrating the Prophet’s (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) birthday means celebrating the birth of Islam. Such an occasion is meant to remind people of how the Prophet (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) lived. Allah Almighty says: “Verily in the Messenger of Allah ye have a good example for him who looketh unto Allah and the last Day, and remembereth Allah much.” (Al-Ahzab: 21).

    Finally, my questions to you.

    Do you think that if there were no such gatherings, would the non-practicing Muslims know as much about the Holy Prophet (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam)?

    And, have you ever seen a Masjid (in a non-Muslim country) that has a capacity of 4,000, be completely full during Fjar Salah at 6 am, that small side rooms and store rooms had to be used to fit everyone in? And this happens regularly. What’s wrong with remembering/celebrateting the Prophet (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam), as long as it’s within Shariah (i.e. men and women are separate, etiquettes of the Masjid are respect, etc)?

  3. 3

    Rizan said,

    According to my knowledge of Hadeeths.

    There are three things:

    1) Hallal with crystal clearity
    2) Haraam with crystal clearity
    3) In between with no clearity.

    I am afraid of 2nd and 3rd.

    I stick with the 1st one.. in which no debates among scholars.

    Since Different Ulamahs have different openion about the mawlid based on thier knowledge.. I place it in the 3rd level.

    May Allah Direct all of us in correc path. and Forgive us for our acts incase if they are belonging to the 3rd Level.

    I wish every one of us be stick with the 1) st one be in crystal clearity that we are not doing anything wrong.

    Muhammed Rizan, from Sri Lanka.

  4. 4

    Haider said,

    As’salamu ‘alaykum,

    May Allah reward you for your input.

    Firstly, the basis of Haram and Hallal that you have put down are not what the Scholars use. They use the method, “if something is not prohibited/proved Haram from the authentic sources, then it is acceptable.”

    So my question to you is, where does it say that celebrating the birth of the Beloved Nabi (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) is NOT allowed?

    Secondly, there are many evidences for Mawlid and the majority of Scholars and Muslim states mark the birth of the Beloved Nabi (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam). If the majority accept Mawlid, then why are you unsure?

    If Abu Lahab (a non Muslim) is rewarded for marking the birth of the Beloved Nabi (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam), then what would be the reward of a Muslim who celebrates the birth of the Beloved Nabi (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) with the right intention?

    Milad/Mawlid Mubarak to you!

  5. 5

    asif nizam khan lucknow said,

    i always celebrate malid of SAW TILL Qayamat even i celebrate mawlid in Hashr inshallahh may ALLAH GIVE MIND TO WAHABIS ,DEOBANDISAND KHARAJIS.IN MY OPINION WHO DON’T CELEBRATE MAWLID IS NAJDIOR MUNAFIQ
    Milad/Mawlid Mubarak to you!

  6. 6

    Haider said,

    As’salamu ‘alaykum,

    May Allah Ta’ala reward you.

    May we all have the ability to increase our love for the Beloved Nabi (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam). Ameen.

    Khayr Mubarak!

  7. 7

    Farooq said,

    AOA
    Apart from Milad’s legitimaty, please be sure that shatan is very happy to provide Muslim a useless topic to waste their time. Milad is one of the best day for special prayer ( sorry, but for more then 70% Muslims) after Shabe Qadr, Shabe Mairage and Muharram where we Muslim think to proof ourself as a true Muslim. Brothers, I urge everyone to destroy shatan’s plan to involve Muslims in other things. As per my calculation, you need 3 hours to complete Farz and Sunnah each day. Each Muslim need 5 complete prayers and Tahajjud, reading one Quran chapter, 17 different surrah with various countings, many short ayah counting before qualifying for practicing any Bidah.
    Wassalam

  8. 8

    Haider said,

    Walaykum assalam,

    Brother you are mistaken.

    The birth of the Beloved Nabi (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) is not a “useless topic”. He (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) is the greatest gift to the Universe by Allah Ta’ala. So how can you call such a gift by Allah Ta’ala “a usless topic” and “waste of time”?

  9. 9

    imran attari said,

    ASSALAM O ALAIKUM:

    brothers “sher-e-ghosia” you are doing good job.I also argue with your thinking.
    you know? “THE BIGGEST MILAD CERMONY IS AT KARACHI (PK) IN FAIZAN-E-MADINAH”.would you like to watch please download from the following link”” http://dawateislami.net/XP/Services/Speeches/Detail.aspx?languageId=ur&speechId=691&speechType=1
    for peoples who asks questions or give comments to you please also refer to them the site “www.dawateislami.net” this will be a certain type of dawat of neiki & also i think this will also be helpful to them.
    shukria.

    AALAH HAFIZ

  10. 10

    Sister said,

    Is milad-un-nabi allowed to be celebrated because i have heard the companions of the Prophet (SAW) used to celebrate it.

  11. 11

    Sister said,

    we did not know anything about milad-un-nabi until now because i have started an islamic school and discussions go on about it. And my personal opinion is that it should be celebrated. And some people may ask then why are we not allowed to celebrate our birthdays? and the answer to that is that we are not same as the Prophet if we were there would be no Prophets then and the ones who do not celebrate it need a bit of knowledge. My headteacher celebrates it whereas my teacher in the same school, Miss Fozia does not and I think she seriously needs some knowledge. (Teaching at an Islamic school and not knowing anything)…forget it!

  12. 12

    Sister said,

    Farooq whatever you said is wrong and i dont think you should say things like that again if you dont know anything then keep your gob shut. and Sher-e-Ghousia keep up the good job.

  13. 13

    Sister, May Allah Ta’ala reward you for your sincerity.

    Firstly, We should address this issue by following the Sunnah. We shouldn’t tell others to keep their mouths shut. We are the true followers of the Beloved Nabi (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) so we should act like one. We should treat others with good manners, Muslim or non-Muslim.

    Those who oppose the Mawlid-un-Nabi (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) should look deep into their hearts and ask themselves why they are against it. Is it because they have seen evidences against it, or is it due to the inner self. Have these people gone and looked at the evidences with an open mind or just looked at ‘Salafi’ sites to find all the opposing arguments possible?

    End of the day, if you understand love then you will understand the celebrations of Mawlid-un-Nabi (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) . Those who don’t have that love will never understand. You could throw evidences after evidences at them but it won’t make an impact.

    Eid Mawlid-un-Nabi (Sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam) Mubarak!

  14. 14

    dhakir said,

    salaam, we cant go around calling people stupid or munafiqs not for celebrating the prophets birthday. its ajeeb! people say they celebrate the prophets birthday out of love for him salallahu alaihie wa sallam, but they dont show it. i personally believe before celebrating this, change your appearance, and behaviour, and everything about you to the way that he salallahu alaihie wa sallam did it, thats love, not saying ‘i celebrate the prophets birthday so i love him salallahu alaihie wa sallam more’ and calling opther people because they dont do it! this behaviour is not of the prophet s.a.w, and i shudder to think how he s.a.w feels hearing his ummah calling eachother kaafir and munafiq because they dont celebrate his s.a.w’s birth!we shouldnt upset him s.a.w, he is aware of our actions.i personally dont celebrate his s.a.w’s birthday, i agree with mawlids however, but i dont like to limit the praise and celebration of his life to just one day. i believe for myself, for my own actions and love, i should be reciting darood shariif upon him s.a.w as much as i can, and trying to live my life in strict accordance with the way he salallahu alaihie wa sallam lived his great great life

  15. 15

    Haider said,

    Walaykum dhakir,

    You are right, Mawlid-un-Nabi (sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam) is more than just commemorating one day. We should use the Mawlid-un-Nabi (sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam) gatherings to remind ourselves of the Sunnah ways of living our lives and the Sunnah ways of treating others. The point of the Mawlid-un-Nabi (sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam) is to increase our love for Sayyiduna Rasool’Allah (sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam). The best way to show your love for someone is to love what they love and do as they do.

    I feel you have made some wrong judgments in your comments. The calling of names is not restricted to those who celebrate the Mawlid-un-Nabi (sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam), but is seen on both sides.

    Also, we do not restrict the “praise and celebration to just one day”. From my many experience and from what I’ve been told by others, many places have Mawlid-un-Nabi (sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam) gatherings at least once a week, and sometimes 4 or 5 times a week. Hence, I consider your argument to be weak. Actually, the Scholars say that we should celebrate the Mawlid every second of our lives, i.e we should remember Sayyiduna Rasool’Allah (sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam) all the time.

  16. 16

    dhakir said,

    its not an argument, im not here to argue atall bro! what do you consider to be week about what i said? i said that i dont agree with praising him s.a.w on just one day of the year, but i should do it everyday. yes people do have mawlid every week, i think thats great!thats what io meant when i said i dont agree with doing once a year, doing every week is keeping a regular focus on praising the beloved salallahu alaihie wa sallam. the comment about the scholars saying we should celebrate milad every day is also what i was getting at. i just disagree with people doing it once a year only, or not atall! in our masjid we do darood shariif every week, and my shaykh does darood in out dhikr twice a week, its nice. regarding comments made from me about name calling, i meant a comment made on this forum by someone who mentioned about osmeone not celebrating milad. but i agree there is name calling on both sides and this is ridiculous and un called for , if people want to celebrate and have proofs, let them, if people dont and have proofs let them.

    what does the word mawlid actually translate as? can it be classed as reciting darud in a group or do qasidas have to be recited?

    salaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu akhi

    remember me in ur duas inshaAllah ta’ala

  17. 17

    Haider said,

    Walaykum assalam wa rahmathulahi wa barakathu,

    Dhakir, my apologies if I offended you. I used the word ‘argument’ in order to highlight that you made a point in your previous post.

    Regarding the word ‘Mawlid’, you can check here:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mawlid

    From personal observation it seems that practicing Muslims do indeed remember Sayyiduna Rasool’Allah (sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam) all the time. But, those who are not practicing limit this remembrance to one day or a few days throughout the blessed month. You could argue that even though it may be just one day, at least they are remembering Sayyiduna Rasool’Allah (sall’Allahu ‘alayhi wa’sallam).

  18. 18

    Kamran Ashrafi said,

    Sallu Alal Habib – We dont have a propblem with people who dont celebrate the birth of the Messenger of Allah (sallala hau alayhi wa salam).. This is their choice, but to go against it and make statements against it is what we have problems with, great illustrious scholars and Awliya have commeroted the noble birth of the Most Beloved Messenger of Allah (sallala hau alayhi wa salam), we are merely following their sunnah and Inshallah we shall achieve this love and makam… “None of you is a true believer until he holds Allah (Azawajal) and his Messenger (Sallala hau alayhi wa salam) dear to him than anything else”.. W are only trying to achieve this… “Qayaamat ka manzar bara pur hathar hai, magar Mustapha ka jau deewana hau ga, Wau pul say Guzar jaye ga wajd karte.. Narra Nai ka Sunnathe sunnathe” Ya Habeebi Ya RasulAllah (Sallala hau alayhi wa salam)


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